Instalación del dispositivo Atheros en Debian

El chipset Atheros es usado en tarjetas inalámbricas 3Com, Atheros, Belkin, D-Link y Linksys, entre otras. A partir de Lenny empezó a usarse el dispositivo libre ath5k, incluido en el núcleo, que parcialmente reemplazaba el dispositivo no libre MadWifi. A partir de Squeeze, Debian no distribuye más el dispositivo no libre MadWifi, habiendo sido reemplazado por los dispositivos libres ath5k y ath9k.

Módulos del núcleo

A partir de Squeeze los módulos ath5k y ath9k vienen incluidos en el núcleo.

Carga el módulo en el núcleo,

# modprobe ath5k

o

# modprobe ath9k

Instalación de firmware

Ciertas tarjetas inalámbricas Atheros USB y Bluetooth requieren firmware. Este se distribuye con el paquete firmware-atheros de la sección non-free de Debian. Edita /etc/apt/sources.list y agrega la sección non-free,

deb http://ftp.cl.debian.org/debian squeeze main contrib non-free

luego actualiza con,

# apt-get update

Instala el paquete firmware-atheros con,

# apt-get install firmware-atheros

antes de cargar el módulo.

Tarjetas soportadas

Corre lspci y busca las palabras "Ethernet controller" o "Network controller" y referencias a "Wireless" o la norma 802.11. Por ejemplo,

$ lscpi
00:09.0 Ethernet controller: Atheros Communications, Inc. AR5212 802.11abg NIC (rev 01)

La primera columna arroja los números del bus PCI al cual la tarjeta está conectada con el formato <bus>:<slot>:<func>. Corre,

lspci -n -s <bus>:<slot>:<func>

para determinar el vendor y device ID de la tarjeta. Por ejemplo,

$ lscpi
00:09.0 Ethernet controller: Atheros Communications, Inc. AR5212 802.11abg NIC (rev 01)

$ lscpi -n -s 00:09.0

La tabla muestra el PCI vendor y device ID de los chipsets encontrados en estas tarjetas.

device:vendor

subsystem

Tarjeta

dispositivo

168c:0007

AR5000 802.11a Wireless Adapter

ath5k

1737:0007

WPC54A Wireless PC Card

ath5k

8086:2501

PRO/Wireless 5000 LAN PCI Adapter Module

ath5k

168c:0011

AR5210 802.11a NIC

ath5k

168c:0012

AR5211 802.11ab NIC

ath5k

126c:8031

2201 Mobile Adapter

ath5k

168c:0013

Atheros AR5001X+ Wireless Network Adapter

ath5k

0308:3405

G-102 v2 802.11g Wireless Cardbus Adapter

ath5k

0e11:00e5

NC6000 laptop

ath5k

10b7:6002

3CRWE154A72 802.11abg Cardbus Adapter

ath5k

1113:d301

Philips CPWNA100 Wireless CardBus adapter

ath5k

1113:ee23

SMCWPCIT-G 108Mbps Wireless PCI adapter

ath5k

1154:033b

Buffalo WLI-CB-AMG54

ath5k

1154:034e

Buffalo WLI-CB-AG108HP 802.11abg Cardbus Adapter

ath5k

1186:3202

DWL-G650 (Rev B3,B5) Wireless cardbus adapter

ath5k

1186:3203

AirPlus DWL-G520 Wireless PCI Adapter (rev. A)

ath5k

1186:3a12

D-Link AirPlus DWL-G650 Wireless Cardbus Adapter(rev.C)

ath5k

1186:3a13

AirPlus DWL-G520 Wireless PCI Adapter (rev. B)

ath5k

1186:3a14

AirPremier AG DWL-AG530 Wireless PCI Adapter (rev.A)

ath5k

1186:3a17

D-Link AirPremier DWL-G680 Wireless Cardbus Adapter

ath5k

1186:3a18

D-Link AirPremier DWL-G550 Wireless PCI Adapter

ath5k

1186:3a63

D-Link AirPremier DWL-AG660 Wireless Cardbus Adapter

ath5k

1186:3a93

Conceptronic C54I Wireless 801.11g PCI card

ath5k

1186:3a94

C54C Wireless 801.11g cardbus

ath5k

1186:3ab0

Allnet ALL0281 Wireless PCI Card

ath5k

1385:4900

WG311v1 802.11g Wireless PCI Adapter

ath5k

1385:4b00

WG511T 108 Mbps Wireless PC Card (rev.A/B)

ath5k

1385:4d00

WG311T 108 Mbps Wireless PCI Adapter (rev.A2)

ath5k

1385:4f00

WG511U Double 108 Mbps Wireless PC Card

ath5k

1385:5a00

WG311T 108 Mbps Wireless PCI Adapter (rev.A3)

ath5k

1385:5b00

WG511T 108 Mbps Wireless PC Card (rev.C)

ath5k

1385:5d00

WPN511 RangeMax Wireless PC Card

ath5k

1458:e911

Gigabyte GN-WIAG02

ath5k

1468:0403

U10H014 802.11g Cardbus Adapter

ath5k

1468:0408

ThinkPad 11b/g Wireless LAN Mini PCI Adapter

ath5k

14b7:0a10

8480-WD 802.11abg Cardbus Adapter

ath5k

14b7:0a60

8482-WD ORiNOCO 11a/b/g Wireless PCI Adapter

ath5k

14b7:aa30

8800-FC 802.11bg Cardbus Adapter

ath5k

14b7:aa40

8470-WD 802.11bg Cardbus Adapter

ath5k

14b9:cb21

CB21 802.11a/b/g Cardbus Adapter

ath5k

1668:1026

IBM HighRate 11 a/b/g Wireless CardBus Adapter

ath5k

168c:0013

AirPlus XtremeG DWL-G650 Wireless PCMCIA Adapter

ath5k

168c:1025

DWL-G650B2 Wireless CardBus Adapter

ath5k

168c:1027

Engenius NL-3054CB ARIES b/g CardBus Adapter

ath5k

168c:1042

Ubiquiti Networks SuperRange a/b/g Cardbus Adapter

ath5k

168c:1051

EZ Connect g 802.11g 108Mbps Wireless PCI Adapter

ath5k

168c:2026

Netgate 5354MP ARIES a(108Mb turbo)/b/g MiniPCI Adapter

ath5k

168c:2027

D-Link AirPlus DWL-G520 Wireless PCI Adapter (rev. A)

ath5k

168c:2041

Engenius 5354MP Plus ARIES2 b/g MiniPCI Adapter

ath5k

168c:2042

Engenius 5354MP Plus ARIES2 a/b/g MiniPCI Adapter

ath5k

168c:2051

TRENDnet TEW-443PI Wireless PCI Adapter

ath5k

16ab:7302

Trust Speedshare Turbo Pro Wireless PCI Adapter

ath5k

1737:0017

WPC55AG

ath5k

1737:0026

WMP55AG v1.1

ath5k

1737:0035

WPC55AG v1.2 802.11abg Cardbus Adapter

ath5k

1799:3000

F6D3000 Dual-Band Wireless A+G Desktop Card

ath5k

1799:3010

F6D3010 Dual-Band Wireless A+G Notebook Card

ath5k

17cf:0042

Z-COMAX Highpower XG-622H (400mw) 802.11b/g mini-PCI Adapter

ath5k

185f:1012

CM9 Wireless a/b/g MiniPCI Adapter

ath5k

185f:2012

Wistron NeWeb WLAN a+b+g model CB9

ath5k

1948:3aba

RBTBJ-AW 802.11abg Cardbus Adapter

ath5k

a727:6801

3CRXJK10075 OfficeConnect Wireless 108Mbps 11g XJACK PC Card

ath5k

168c:001a

AR2413 802.11bg NIC

ath5k

1052:168c

Sweex Wireless Lan PC Card 54Mbps

ath5k

1113:ee20

SMC Wireless CardBus Adapter 802.11g (SMCWCB-G EU)

ath5k

1113:ee24

SMC Wireless PCI Card WPCI-G

ath5k

1186:3a15

AirPlus G DWL-G630 Wireless Cardbus Adapter (rev.D1)

ath5k

1186:3a16

AirPlus G DWL-G510 Wireless PCI Adapter(rev.B)

ath5k

1186:3a1c

WNA-1330 Notebook Adapter

ath5k

1186:3a1d

WDA-1320 Desktop Adapter

ath5k

1186:3a23

AirPlus G DWL-G520+A Wireless PCI Adapter

ath5k

1186:3a24

AirPlus G DWL-G650+A Wireless Cardbus Adapter

ath5k

1186:3b08

AirPlus G DWL-G630 Wireless Cardbus Adapter (rev.C1)

ath5k

168c:001a

Belkin FD7000

ath5k

168c:1052

TP-Link TL-WN510G Wireless CardBus Adapter

ath5k

168c:2052

Compex Wireless 802.11 b/g MiniPCI Adapter, Rev A1 [WLM54G]

ath5k

16ec:0122

Wireless PCI Adapter Model 5418

ath5k

1737:0053

WPC54G v7 802.11g Wireless-G Notebook Adapter

ath5k

1799:700c

F5D7000 v5000 Wireless G Desktop Card

ath5k

1799:701d

F5D7010 v5000 Wireless G Notebook Card

ath5k

168c:001b

AR5413 802.11abg NIC

ath5k

1186:3a19

D-Link AirPremier AG DWL-AG660 Wireless Cardbus Adapter

ath5k

1186:3a22

AirPremier AG DWL-AG530 Wireless PCI Adapter (rev.B)

ath5k

1458:e901

GN-WI01HT Wireless a/b/g MiniPCI Adapter

ath5k

168c:001b

Wireless LAN PCI LiteOn

ath5k

168c:2062

EnGenius EMP-8602 (400mw) or Compex WLM54AG (SuperAG)

ath5k

168c:2063

EnGenius EMP-8602 (400mw) or Compex WLM54AG

ath5k

185f:1600

DCMA-82 High Power WLAN 802.11a/b/g mini-PCI Module (Super A/G, eXtended Range, 400mW)

ath5k

a727:6804

Wireless 11a/b/g PC Card with XJACK(r) Antenna

ath5k

168c:001c

AR5001 Wireless Network Adapter

ath5k

1468:0428

AR5BXB63 802.11bg NIC

ath5k

1468:042a

AR5007EG 802.11bg NIC

ath5k

147b:1033

AirPace Wi-Fi

ath5k

168c:001c

AR242x 802.11abg NIC (PCI Express)

ath5k

168c:3061

AR5006EGS 802.11bg NIC (2.4GHz, PCI Express)

ath5k

168c:3062

AR5006EXS 802.11abg NIC (2.4/5.0GHz, PCI Express)

ath5k

168c:3063

AR5006EX 802.11abg NIC (2.4/5.0GHz, PCI Express)

ath5k

168c:3065

AR5006EG 802.11bg NIC (2.4GHz, PCI Express)

ath5k

168c:3067

AR242x 802.11abg Wireless PCI Express Adapter (rev 01)

ath5k

1a3b:1026

AR5007EG 802.11bg Wi-Fi mini PCI express card

ath5k

168c:001d

AR5007G Wireless Network Adapter

ath5k

1799:720b

F5D7000 v8000 Wireless G Desktop Card

ath5k

1799:721b

F5D7010 v8000 Wireless G Notebook Card

ath5k

168c:0023

AR5008 Wireless Network Adapter

ath9k

1154:0365

Buffalo WLP-CB-AG300 802.11abgn Cardbus Adapter

ath9k

1186:3a6a

DWA-642 802.11n RangeBooster N CardBus Adapter

ath9k

1186:3a6d

DWA-552 802.11n Xtreme N Desktop Adapter (rev A1)

ath9k

1186:3a76

DWA-645 802.11n RangeBooster N 650 Notebook Adapter (rev A1)

ath9k

1737:0059

WPC300N v2 Wireless-N Notebook Adapter

ath9k

1737:0069

WPC100 v1 802.11n RangePlus Wireless Notebook Adapter

ath9k

1799:8011

F5D8011 v1 802.11n N1 Wireless Notebook Card

ath9k

168c:0024

AR5008 Wireless Network Adapter

ath9k

168c:0027

AR9160 802.11abgn Wireless PCI Adapter

ath9k

168c:0029

AR922X Wireless Network Adapter

ath9k

1186:3a7a

DWA-552 802.11n Xtreme N Desktop Adapter (rev A2)

ath9k

168c:002a

AR928X Wireless Network Adapter (PCI-Express)

ath9k

168c:002b

AR9285 Wireless Network Adapter (PCI-Express)

ath9k

168c:002c

AR2427 Wireless Network Adapter (PCI-Express)

ath9k

168c:002d

AR9287 Wireless Network Adapter

ath9k

168c:002e

AR9287 Wireless Network Adapter (PCI-Express)

ath9k

168c:0207

AR5210

ath5k

168c:1014

AR5212 802.11abg NIC

ath5k

1014:058a

ThinkPad 11a/b/g Wireless LAN Mini Express Adapter (AR5BXB6)

ath5k

Atheros (última edición 2011-02-13 14:27:35 efectuada por RicardoYanez)